Ancient Roman, c. Galavaris, G. Among the overlapping Sassi and buildings carved out of tuff, there were at least a dozen ovens, some public, others belonging to families, which provided a meeting point and recreational area for the women.
Great bronze bread-stamp. On base: This is at the museum of Naples does not belong to me! Thick and heavy. Brookline, MA. Translate with Google. Given the pseudo-religious nature of theatrical performances in the Greco-Roman world, bread stamped with this image could have been distributed just after the play in a manner similar to the bread distributions after religious festivals.
The city of Sassi is divided into different levels, known as spiazzi open spaces , with multiple homes built on them, and the families would share the aspects of their daily life. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. As they were typically pastoral objects, the main tools used to make them were the pocket knives the shepherds used for all their needs, from self-defence to woodcarving.
References Galavaris, G. Great olive-green patina with heavy earthen deposits could be cleaned. Could still be used once again after thousands of years!
Gift Certificates. Curator — Camera di Commercio di Matera. This item is a circular terracotta stamp, roughly 13 cm in diameter, possibly for leaving an image upon bread. When the oldest man in the family passed away, the stamp would be replaced by another with the initials of the new head of the family.