Take note of how the light changes while rotating the modifier and find the most suitable angle according to the intensity you require. Linked 21. The brightness of the specular highlight on the tip of the nose is the same brightness straight on and feathered.
Let's start with a harder light. Nice bonus answer about lighting a group of people using the feather.
Here are photos of a 2x2-foot softbox straight on and the same softbox feathered off to one side. Hard vs Soft Below are the feathered light images with the small and the larger light sources. Thus you get even lighting across the entire line of people. RRP for print edition: Go back to point A and the nose. If you rotate the light source away from the subject keeping the light at the same location , the light source will appear to become a narrower and narrower rectangle thinner vertical until it totally disappears because it it is eventually facing away from the subject.
Your flashlight analogy is pretty much right. Working with a softer larger light source it isn't so easy to see what is happening. This light produces a less vibrant and more intimate mood.
People often say a "softer" light on the image, but that isn't quite correct.
The resulting light has now lost much of its contrast and is softer and more even, creating a more intimate atmosphere. If the modifier is turned toward the camera, the whole light will be directed away from the background and very little of it, if any, will be able to reach the backdrop.
I would probably retouch out that little highlight on the ear. The larger the light source is the smoother the diffuse highlight to shadow transition is and the softer the light is. For my fine feathered friends! I have some ideas what that means: If you want to tone down a hotspot you need to move your lights in closer.
We see the Inverse Square Law doing its thing here. In the third image the light is very close and its reflection is even less noticeable because it is spread out over a larger area and the brightness of the rest of the can has been brought up closer to the brightness of the highlight and then the overall exposure was lowered to bring it all back to give the proper exposure of the overall subject.