## Inertia, Momentum, Impulse, and Kinetic Energy

Speed only carries info about magnitude and note here that the v in the kinetic energy formula refers only to speed. For example, if the lawn mower in [link] a is pushed just hard enough to keep it going at a constant speed, then energy put into the mower by the person is removed continuously by friction, and eventually leaves the system in the form of heat transfer.

Thus the net work is. Scott Mena Scott Mena 1. Missy Diwater, the former platform diver for the Ringling Brother's Circus, had a kinetic energy of 12 000 J just prior to hitting the bucket of water. Speed does not! It is also interesting that, although this is a fairly massive package, its kinetic energy is not large at this relatively low speed.

## How does force relate to kinetic energy?

When a mass is accelerated, where does come from its kinetic energy? The translational kinetic energy of an object of mass moving at speed is.

When a force is applied to an object, that object's momentum changes as well as sometimes, as explained below its kinetic energy. Learning Objectives Explain work as a transfer of energy and net work as the work done by the net force. Calculate the magnitude of the average force on a bumper that collapses 0. Confirm the value given for the kinetic energy of an aircraft carrier in [link].

If so, is there any mean to connect newton with joules i. Suppose that you push on the 30. On the whole, solutions involving energy are generally shorter and easier than those using kinematics and dynamics alone.

Mechanical Energy Power. In contrast, work done on the briefcase by the person carrying it up stairs in [link] d is stored in the briefcase-Earth system and can be recovered at any time, as shown in [link] e. The following equation is used to represent the kinetic energy KE of an object.

Net work will be simpler to examine if we consider a one-dimensional situation where a force is used to accelerate an object in a direction parallel to its initial velocity. A body carries a kinetic energy by the mere virtue of its speed and there is a difference between speed and velocity.

If the roller coaster car in the above problem were moving with twice the speed, then what would be its new kinetic energy? To reduce the kinetic energy of the package to zero, the work by friction must be minus the kinetic energy that the package started with plus what the package accumulated due to the pushing.

## What is kinetic energy?

Both answers are correct! Student Extras. Try search for the Work-Energy Theorem. Next Section: